Category FAQs Search : Waste Trade Pollution


Answer: As the world becomes more urbanized and developed consumption rates are on
the rise. An inevitable consequence of more consumption is the rapid increase in the
amount of solid waste that is produced. Today, solid-waste management (SWM)
conditions in the developing world are often quite dire and reminiscent of those found in
the developed world several generations ago. The impact of inadequate SWM practices
on natural and human environments is now being acknowledged.
This report is founded on a comprehensive literature review concerning SWM in
developing countries. It also introduces a preliminary research design relevant to a SWM
assessment for a hypothetical situation in Peru. The literature review is organized
according to three categories of constraints—each paired with intervention concepts—
that contribute to the mismanagement of solid waste. These are: 1) culture, knowledge,
and microeconomics; 2) infrastructure, social provisions, and technology; and 3) policy,
institutions, and macroeconomics. A fourth topic, namely integrated systems for SWM, is
also reviewed because it allows for the simultaneous use of multiple interventions to
address multiple constraints.
Solid-waste management is a multidimensional issue that incorporates political,
institutional, social, environmental, and economic aspects. Improving SWM in
developing countries requires efforts to raise public awareness, increase funding, build
expertise, and invest in infrastructure. To make progress communities will need to
embrace new systems for SWM that are participatory, contextually integrated, complex,
and adaptive.

(Source: Pustaka Negeri Sarawak, 30 Jun 2021)

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